第33回伝統的工芸品月間国民会議全国大会 福井大会

全国くらしの工芸展 11/25(金)〜11/27(日) 会場:サンドーム福井



Hasami Ware





At the end of the 16th century, the feudal lord of the Omura clan accompanied Toyotomi Hideyoshi on one of his campaigns to the Korean Peninsular. On his return he brought back some Korean potters with him and they began making pottery in Hasami. By the beginning of the 17th century porcelain was being made and besides such things as cups and plates, various kinds of containers such as sake flasks were also being produced. Of all that was being made, the heavily over-glazed teacups met with particular favor among those on the boats around the piers of Osaka.The degree of detail, the cobalt blue motifs, and the beautiful translucent quality of the porcelain are what makes Hasami ware so special. It is also very reasonably priced and designs have been adapted over the years, so that now a great variety of items are offered, some of which are traditional while others are modern in character. With 30 government recognized Master Craftsmen among their ranks, 2,500 people are employed by the 120 firms still producing this attractive porcelain.


Imari-Arita Ware





The origins of Imari-Arita ware date back to the end of the 16th century when the Saga clan, which had been involved in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaigns in Korea, brought back the potter, Li Sanpei who discovered porcelain stone at Mount Arita Izumi, in northern Kyushu. The porcelain that was subsequently made there was the first to be produced anywhere in Japan and was originally called Imari ware, simply because it was shipped through the port of Imari.There are a number of different qualities ranging from a simple blue and white ware to pieces over-glazed with brilliant colors. Out of the number of styles including Koimari, Kakiemon, Kinrande and Nabesima, it was the beauty of the Koimari and Kakiemon porcelains which really appealed to people in Europe. In fact, during the Edo period (1600-1868), large quantities of Imari-Arita ware was exported through the trading facilities retained exclusively by the Dutch in Japan.Today as in the past, many fine pieces of Japanese and Western tableware are being produced along side some decorative items. Inevitably, however, it is the brilliance of the enamels and the beautiful white surfaces as well as its practicality, which continue to characterize Japan's most famous porcelain. There are now 159 firms employing 2,886 people among whom there are 72 government recognized Master Craftsmen maintaining the heritage of this ware.


Kutani Ware




九谷の鉱山から陶石が発見されたことと、加賀藩の職人が、今の佐賀県有田町で磁器作りの技術を学んで来たことによって、17世紀の半ば頃、九谷の地で始められたのが古九谷焼(こくたにやき)です。古九谷は加賀百万石文化の、大らかさときらびやかさを合わせ持つ、独特の力強い様式美を作り上げましたが、17 世紀の終わり頃突然作られなくなってしまいました。その後、19世紀に入ると再び九谷焼が焼かれるようになりました。

The first porcelain to be produced in the Kutani area was in the 17th century, when a member of the Kaga clan, Goto Saijiro, who had studied the techniques of making porcelain in Arita in northern Kyushu, set up a kiln making Kokutani ware, a suitable porcelain clay having been discovered in the area. While Kokutani or "old Kutani" ware combined the generosity and splendor of the culture of the Kaga clan, it developed into a unique form of porcelain with a strength and boldness all its own. At the end of the 17th century, however, production suddenly ceased. Firing did not begin again until the beginning of the 19th century, when the revival of Kutani ware was produced. Many different kilns appeared each with their own unique design style helping to establish this production center. There was the Mokubei style of the Kasugayama kiln, the Yoshida kiln which tried to echo Kokutani ware, the fine drawing in red of the Miyamoto kiln and the red and gold highly figured designs of the Eiraku kiln.The true intrinsic quality of Kutani is its multi-colored over-glaze enamel images. It is characterized by its use of heavily overlaid Japanese pigments, namely red, green, yellow, purple and prussian blue, and bold outlining. What is perhaps unique to Kutani is the way that the enamels appear even more brilliant because of the restrained coloring of its slightly bluish ground. Various piece of tableware are now made in a number of Kutani styles, along with flower vases, some ornaments and beautifully adorned sake flasks. The world famous porcelain is produced by 400 firms employing 1,800 staff, among whom there are 49 government recognized Master Craftsmen with the responsibility of heading this craft.